Surely the richest, most examined character in all of English language dramatic literature has to be Hamlet. Do you remember how the playwright describes him in the dramatis personae at the front of the play? Three words: Prince of Denmark.
There’s no mention of ‘melancholy.’
So where does this guy Hamlet come from? Clearly, he emerges from the actions that he takes and the lines that he speaks; in other words, the story.
Richard Walter talking about Character versus Story